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INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR COASTAL RESERVOIR RESEARCH
IACRR was founded in January 2017 in Australia. It is an international nonprofit organization set up to promote and develop Coastal Reservoirs (CR). IACRR welcomes members from various sectors such as engineers, scientists, researchers, industry players, suppliers, contractors, developers, water agencies, operators and decision makers.
CR is a paradigm shift in water resources development from storing water in inland dams to storing freshwater by the coast. This converts floodwater into valuable water resources closer to the demand centres. IACRR will be the platform for sharing of knowledge and experience to ensure successful implementation of CR worldwide.
The official launch of the IACRR was held at Seri Pacific Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 16th August, 2017 (Wednesday) from 2 pm to 6 pm. The event was attended by numerous participants from all over the world, including the UK, the UAE, China, India, Netherland, Australia, Taiwan, Myanmar and Malaysia. The attendees included scientists, lecturers, engineers, hydrologists, contractors, suppliers, developers and other diverse professional fields. The IACRR also revealed and launched its official website: www.iacrr.org and released its first Newsletter.
Among the guests of honour and presenters were:-
Dr. B R Shetty , the Chief Patron of IACRR; (Chairman and Managing Director of NMC and Chairman of the UAE Exchange, Abu Dhabi, UAE),
Prof. T G Sitharam , Founder and President of the IACRR, Chair Professor, at the Indian Institute of Science.
Mr. Kushal Shetty, the Chairman of theIACRR India Chapter.
Dr. C R Parthasarathy, Vice Chairman of the IACRR India Chapter and Founder of Sarathy Geotech & Engineering Services Pvt Ltd India.
Prof. Roger A. Falconer, Vice President of the IACRR, Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering, UK.
Associate Prof. Yang ShuQing, Co-Founder of the IACRR from the University of Wollongong, Australia.
Dr Prahlada Ramarao, former distinguished scientist & DD R&D DRDO, former Vice Chancellor, DIAT(DU), DRDO, Ministry of Defence, Government of India .
Dr. Sreevalsa Kolathayar, Amrita University of India.
Mr. Jinquan Wu ,CCCC First Harbour Consultants Co. Ltd, China
Datuk Lawrence Low, representative to Datuk Seri Ir. Dr. Wee Ka Seong, Minister in the Prime Minister’s Dept.
Dato’ Ir Lim Chow Hock, Advisor of APEC/ International PE Registers and the ASEAN Federation of Engineering Organisations (AFEO),Chairman of the Malaysian Capacity Development Network for Water Resources Management (MyCDNet), a Board Member of UNDP Cap-Net.
Ir. Tan Yean Chin, President of the Institution of Engineers Malaysia (IEM).
Mr. Win Naing Tun and Mr. Zaw Naing Oo Resource & Environment Myanmar Co. Ltd
Mr. Gauss Chen , CECI Engineering Consultants, Taiwan
The IACRR recognizes that:
Thus, the IACRR strives to contribute to sustainable development of water resources and the optimisation of global water resources management
The establishment of a coastal reservoir involves activities ranging from urban planning, EIA, conceptual and detailed design, construction and management. To this end, all members from various fields are able to contribute through the stages of development through:
The successful application of coastal reservoirs is a joint effort by planners, engineers, financiers, decision makers and more. IACRR provides an excellent platform for co-operation between all relevant fields and professionals, and encourages its members to be involved in every aspect of coastal reservoirs from public relations, technical studies, construction, online real-time monitoring, management, and integral development of water resources, land resources and human resources.
The various organisational entities involved are:
IACRR is governed by a Council composed of the President, three Vice-Presidents, the Secretary and 5 permanent members from the founding countries and 5 members who are elected by sub committees or the chapters.
The Secretariat, based in Australia is the administrative headquarters and coordinates communication and day-to-day management of the association. It is hosted and supported by the center for Coastal Reservoir Research (CCRR), Univ. of Wollongong, NSW, Australia.
IACRR operates as an Association under Australian law. The By-laws are available in the IACRR Website or from the Secretariat. IACRR's structure is composed of a number of Technical Divisions and Regional Divisions. The Technical Divisions provide the operational framework for the Technical Committees, which cater to the scientific and engineering needs of its members. The Regional Divisions focus on the proposals, applications and management of coastal reservoirs. IACRR's activities include convene members in a region for CR's application specific to a region when opportunities rises. IACRR's Committees regularly organise conferences and symposia in their own specific fields, provide a basis for collaboration in working groups on specific research themes, the development of monographs, etc. In addition, IACRR supports local initiatives for the formation of local chapters or national committees to enhance and stimulate knowledge exchange on a more local basis.
Solving water shortage issues in major cities worldwide. To be the world's leading organization, dedicated to advancing all aspects of CR and promoting the sustainable development and management of surface water otherwise lost to the sea.
Initiation of CR by leading the profession in setting standards and guidelines to ensure that CR is built and operated safely, efficiently, economically, and are environmentally sustainable and socially beneficial. Assisting coastal cities to meet their water challenges using CR by optimizing its design, successful construction and management, maximizing the output and minimizing the negative impacts on environment and society. Inspiring coastal cities' development by integrating its water resources with land resources and manpower resources, hence enhancing the world's living standard and reducing the global poverty.
A coastal reservoir is a freshwater reservoir located within the ocean, with an impermeable barrier separating the two water bodies. The reservoir may be located close to or within a river mouth, and may be constructed as a solid dam, a soft dam or any combination thereof. The water within the reservoir can be utilized for various domestic, industrial or agricultural purposes.
Following growing awareness of water resource challenges, the first generation of coastal reservoirs were developed to utilize rainfall runoff, with the following issues:
Recognizing that the previous designs of coastal reservoirs were suboptimal, IACRR has embarked on an international mission to promote and improve on existing technology.
Every year, about 40,000km3of rainfall runoff is lost to the sea. The second generation of coastal reservoirs can utilize a portion of this vast resource in a manner that is environmentally friendly, aesthetically pleasing, structurally stable and cost-effective, because:
|Parameter||Inland Reservoir||1st generation Coastal Reservoir||2nd generation Coastal Reservoir|
|Water quality||Good (virgin catchment)||Poor (collect and store all contaminants)||Good (collects only clean water)|
|Water level||Variable water level, above sea level||Variable water level near sea level||Almost constant water level near sea level|
|Dam alignment||90o with flow direction||90o with flow direction||Small angle with flow direction|
|Dam-site||Limited (Require narrow width or Gorge)||Limited (only inside a river mouth)||Unlimited (inside/outside river mouth)|
|Dam design||High pressure, concrete, earth/rock||Low pressure but with wave/tidal surge, concrete, earth/rock.||Low pressure but with wave/tidal surge, concrete, earth/rock with/without soft dam.|
|Environmental impacts||High||Medium (obstruction to floodwater, fish, navigation)||Low|
|Seepage||By pressure difference||By density difference||By density difference|
|Pollutant||Land lased||Land-based + seawater||Land-based + seawater|
|Water supply||By gravity||By pump||By pump|
|Water from % of catchment.||10-50%||100%||100%|